What is the future of personal transportation? Well, in the coming years automatic driving will be a reality. Even in recent days, assistance system support drivers to reach their destinations. Fully automated vehicle will be soon visible on the roads of various countries. In addition, various companies such as Apple Inc., Tesla, BMW AG, and others are working on the advancement of automated driving feature.
What is Automated Driving?
Automated driving is a feature that enables vehicle to sense its surrounding and moving according to it without any human inputs. Combination of Radar, LiDAR, Sonar, GPS, and various other sensors, is used to perceive vehicle’s surrounding, and thus take decision for optimized driving experience. Many semi-autonomous features, such as assisted parking, self-braking system, and others are included in vehicles. This makes autonomous vehicles to operate without human control a reality. For instance, Waymo, a self-driving car project started by Google, now a standalone subsidiary has announced introduction of autonomous vehicle taxi service by 2020.
How does automated driving works?
Autonomous vehicle needs to exhibit the same skills as a human driver and it should be able to perceive and interpret its surrounding conditions. For perception, these vehicles are equipped with sensors. Furthermore, perceived surrounding data is then processed to allow the vehicle plan its driving strategy accordingly, which is done by vehicle computer using intelligent algorithms. Moreover, vehicles use powertrain, braking power, and steering to move wheels in such a way that the planned strategy is put into practice.
Testing automated driving
Highway support system is adopted to support the driver in uniform driving situation on highway. The system is also programed to adapt the speed according speed limits, curves in road, and surrounding traffic conditions. To gain user’s confidence into capabilities of cars with automated driving in the market, European New Car Assessment Program (EURO NCAP), has incorporated tests to assess performance of automatic driving cars in analytical traffic situations based on environment of test track.
These tests by EURO NCAP are divided into two categories:
- Adaptive Cruise Control Tests
Adaptive cruise control (ACC) test is a system that adjusts the car’s cruising speed automatically in response to slow vehicle ahead to maintain a safe distance. Adaptive cruise control operates independently with other driver assistance systems, such as autonomous emergency braking (AEB), and others running in the background. The ACC of automated driving is tested in the extended version of EURO NCAP’s autonomous emergency braking (AEB) test. ACC test is categorized into two tests named as cut-in scenario and cut-out scenario.
|Cut-in scenario||In this test, the car in the adjacent lane moves into the lane just in front of the test car. This scenario is something that happens every day and an alert driver will anticipate the situation early and reduce the speed to avoid collision.|
|Cut-out scenario||In this test, a car in front of the test car leaves the lane abruptly to avoid a stationary vehicle ahead, which leaves the test car with a short time to anticipate and respond to the situation.|
- Steering Support Tests
A second set of tests has been developed for the evaluation of the lane centering function that continuously supports the driver to keep the car in the center of the lane. S-bend test at various speed levels is used to determine the amount of steering support provided by each system. A better performance driver assistance system supports the driver in critical situation and will not deactivate or resist the driver.
About the results
According to EURO NCAP automated driving is not yet in the safety star rating as the research about the deigning of automated driving systems, safety features, and the physical limitations is still in line. EURO NCAP focuses on providing information about the current state of automated driving features and comment on design strategy adopted by the car manufacturers to adhere to European regulation.
According to a recent report published by Allied Market Research, titled, Autonomous Vehicle Market by Level of Automation, Component, and Application: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2019–2026, the global autonomous vehicle market is expected to be valued at $54.23 billion in 2019, and is projected to reach $556.67 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of 39.47% from 2019 to 2026.
Access full summary at: https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/autonomous-vehicle-market