The United Nations is one such organization that deals with solving numerous crisis around the world. On the third week of September, 2018, the 73rd General Assembly of the United Nations is set to commence – in order to address several prevailing global issues. So, what are the key pressing issues in the world affecting large segments of the global population?
The first key issue is the incrimination of more than 1 million Uighur Muslims in China. The UN has received credible reports that China has been locking up the minority group in mass numbers for months to politically indoctrinate them. The alleged targeting of this minority group would make it China’s largest intermittent program in over a century. The move is also seen as part of a larger effort by the government to crack down on religious liberty in the country. China has vehemently denied such allegations, despite overwhelming evidence and testimony from freed prisoners.
The second, issue is the Rohingya crisis. The plight of the Rohingya Muslims has stretched into its second year. Myanmar’s alleged state-sponsored violence against the ethnic and religious minority group has claimed the life of at least 10,000 people and forced 700,000 others to flee across international borders, especially into Bangladesh, for safety. A recent humanitarian report by the UN details systematic violence perpetrated by security forces – including torture, imprisonment, mass-rape, arson, and indiscriminate murder. The UN has accused the state of committing genocide against the Rohingya Muslims.
The third crisis is South Sudan’s Civil War. The world’s youngest country continuous to be afflicted by civil war and violence. Since 2013, the war has killed well over 50,000 people and has resulted in Africa’s worst refugee crisis. With more than 2 million people forced out of the country to seek safety, the south Sudanese not only face the threats of war, but also a food shortage that has put 1 million people at risk of severe hunger. Neighboring countries have accepted millions who are seeking safety, while UN and other organizations continue to provide relief efforts.
The fourth pressing issue is the conflict in Yemen. The conflict has devastated what was already the poorest country in the area. Over 6,000 civilians have reportedly died during the conflict and over 8.4 million are on the brink of starvation. The war started as a civil conflict and after a popular uprising destabilized the country in 2011. The conflict turned into a proxy war between regional enemies, Iran, and Saudi Arabia in 2015 and created the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. The UN has reported that both sides in the war should be investigated for war crimes over their targeting of civilian locations like hospitals, schools, and markets.
The last crisis is the United States Child separation policy. Marking a shift in the U.S. president’s center stage speech, the UN has instead condemned Donald Trump’s action regarding asylum seekers and separating immigrated families at its southern border. In April 2018, the U.S. government announced a zero-tolerance policy, which resulted in the arrest and criminal prosecution of immigrants who crossed the border illegally. While President Trump has signed an executive order demanding that separated families be bought back together, experts have said that some families can never be united.
With numerous global leaders present at the general assembly, the issues will be systematically raised and debated over – in hopes to put a permanent end to them.